The temporal mandibular joint dysfunction is associated with a unilateral, dull aching pain in or around the joint. The pain is exacerbated by bruxism, eating, and yawning. Some patients experience atypical facial pain along with headaches. Pain is usually associated with movement of the jaw. Most of the patients with TMJ disorders have multifactorial problems including psychological stress, malaclusion, poor body mechanics, and malfacial spasms of facial muscles.
The TMJ dysfunction condition responds best to an interdisciplinary program to address psychophysiological causes. Spasmodic muscles around the joint may respond to local anesthetics and steroid injections. Individual psychotherapy including biofeedback treatment will help with stress. Patient may need an evaluation by oral/facial surgeon.